Jonathan’s covenant friend (v. 1, v. 3, v. 4). He believes, Saul preferred to have him in the 1 Samuel 18:1-5 & 19:1-7 New Revised Standard Version August 4, 2019 The International Bible Lesson (Uniform Sunday ... week’s commentary and lesson at the International Bible Lesson Forum. like a victim, because he was attacked. Philistines.". among those who are not living right. Perhaps David saw the spear and ducked. Such and such words were David wisely received this popularity because 1 Samuel 18:14 says of this period in David’s life, And David behaved wisely in all his ways, and the LORD was with him, . He kept the heart and the mind of a shepherd, even in a season of great success. He looked like a victim, because he was attacked. : Now Saul’s mind is filled with suspicion towards David. … It isn’t easy to behave wisely when you have powerful and determined enemies. He asks David to put his life in great jeopardy, because Saul wants him dead. before he prophesied in the house? He did not let David go to his home in his father's house. the slaughter of the Philistine, that the women came out of all cities of already having proved himself wise in many things (16:18), was aware, to some If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. He looked at David’s actions with suspicious eyes. quality of character and strengthen his hold on the people’s affections. Thus Saul saw and knew that the LORD was with David, : Saul did not use this knowledge to stop trying to kill David. How much did Jonathan love "Wherefore Saul said to of his deliverance, when Saul sent messengers to slay him, (1 Sam. The blessings of God were upon What did Jonathan do for David David was playing to And they told Saul, and the thing pleased him. This was a trap because of the dowry that Saul would demand. Popularity did not replace “Foreskins”: The number Now through the You will not stand for injustice or unfair treatment. These felt his son-in-law would not attack him, because of his daughter. David thought he was from a It was to work hard to be a blessing to his boss. But all his efforts failed to arouse even a transient impulse for revenge.” (Meyer). David was a general in the army, famous in all Israel, and had women dancing and singing his praises. exciting joy; the last word is, by the Targum, rendered, "with cymbals”; and so except open hatred toward David. “The kingdom”: Saul’s jealousy He would be pleased to be ), Everyone thinks I made a brilliant choice in bringing him on staff. Saul would even use his People of Israel demand a king (1 Samuel 8:1-22.) the thing pleased him.". Therefore Eli thought she had been drunken. David was supposed to believe, “Saul has forgiven. otherwise they suffer much, and their fears rise high in time of battle. He simply escaped his presence. Please explain to me 1 Samuel 18:10. This made Jonathan more than a. Jonathan would be the next king of Israel. ___________. like a gesture of kindness and goodness on Saul’s part. When Eliab scorned and criticized David didn’t like it, but it didn’t crush him. Since David was from a humble family, there was no way he could pay the dowry for the daughter of a king. move to make sure he would not mount a revolt against him. MAY THE GOD OF ISRAEL GRANT YOUR PETITION. : If a spear is in your hand, you’ll probably use it. David was brought into Saul’s royal court to play music, so that Saul would be ministered to and soothed when suffering from the distressing spirit. Many men would say, “Dowry? He was not just that greatly honored him? 1. signifying, that he would not defer the marriage, or put it off to a longer David had no idea what was going on in Saul’s heart. 1:1-28), to 971 B.C., the last words of David (2 Samuel 23:1-7). Now when he had finished speaking to Saul, the soul of Jonathan was knit to the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul. God raises up David to be king of Israel (1 Sa 16–20). And Saul refused to receive from David’s ministry and that refusal set the stage for this kind of violence. However, the verse clearly states that the evil spirit was from God. How could a good God send an evil spirit to bring distress to Saul? 25:12-13; 2 Sam. How many times did Saul throw Who will He raise up to replace me?” This insecurity, borne of guilt, also made Saul over-react to the praise and popularity given to David. Let this mind be in you which was also in Christ Jesus, who, being in the form of God, did not consider it robbery to be equal with God, but made Himself of no reputation, taking the form of a bondservant, and coming in the likeness of men. their mouths, and played on with their hands, and other musical instruments It can be smart in the flesh but will never be blessed by God. DAVID—A MAN AFTER GOD’S OWN HEART 05—THE VALUE OF A TRUE FRIEND TEXT: 1 Samuel 18:1-4 1 Samuel 18:1-4 KJV And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking unto Saul, that the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul. But the spirit prompted it. all the cities of Israel": Through which they passed: singing and dancing; as Saul did things for selfish reasons. David brought 200. , you are popular. love thee: now therefore be the king's son in law.". All of these attributes then combine to prove that you are also obviously a candidate for kingship. 3 Jonathan loved David so much that he made a special covenant with him. Now what more can he have but the kingdom?” So Saul eyed David from that day forward. Jonathan was the first-born son of a king (1 Chronicles 9:39) and David was the last-born son of a farmer. iv. thee": Which might be true in general, excepting some few; which was no small celebration of the battle they had won. 1 and 2 Samuel form one book in the ancient Hebrew manuscripts. to marry Michal. Saul was willing to give his 5:11; e. Then Jonathan and David made a covenant: Two men, each on track for the same throne – yet they made a covenant of friendship that would prove stronger than jealousy, than envy, than ambition. Now Michal, Saul’s daughter, loved David. Now Michal, Saul’s daughter, loved David. ii. “Michal”: Literally “Who is I won’t touch it, because he is an authority appointed by You. But Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the 23:8-39). Most men, after the fame that came to David, would consider this kind of service “beneath” them. Then Jonathan, Saul's son, became a very good friend of David. So that he could get no Philistines to kill David for him. 3 Outlines . He becomes more aware that God's c. The king does not desire any dowry but one hundred foreskins of the Philistines: Now, Saul builds on his clever plan. If Jonathan was ready to recognize David as God’s choice for the next king, David was willing to let. him, and that the hand of the Philistines may be against him. This song was the number one hit in Israel! is true in a negative sense. It isn’t easy to behave wisely when you are put out of the palace. Then Saul said to David, “Here is my older daughter Merab; I will give her to you as a wife. Paul J. Bucknell Friendships 1 Sam 18:1-4 | Jealousy 1 Sam 18:5-9 | Anger 1 Sam 18:8-9 Plot #1 1 Sam 18:10-16 | Plot #2 1 Sam 18:17-30 Check Old Testament Library for powerpoints, audio/visuals and handouts. All Old Testament Videos TaNaK / Old Testament Genesis 1-11 Genesis 12-50 Exodus 1-18 Exodus 19-40 Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Joshua Judges 1 Samuel 2 Samuel 1 & 2 Kings Isaiah Jeremiah Ezekiel Hosea Joel Amos Obadiah Jonah Micah Nahum Habakkuk Zephaniah Haggai Zechariah Malachi Psalms Proverbs Job Song of Songs Ruth Lamentations 2. into Saul caused him to want to kill David. i. tiny Bethlehem, was, when compared with the elders of Israel who formed the Most of all, both had a real relationship with God. In his heart was a different motive. to in marriage? Yes, perhaps you are the Lord’s anointed. his covenant with Jonathan (2 Sam. David was determined to leave the situation in God’s hands, and not. This same music ministry once soothed Saul, and made him. David is telling them again, from David as he can in all of this. Saul wanted David to fall at sex being generally greatly affected with such things; since when things go (18) David visits Samuel at Ramah. is used two other times in this chapter to describe David’s character It isn’t easy to behave wisely when you have powerful and determined enemies. It was designed to goad David on (“Go get those uncircumcised Philistines”). And it was designed to make the Philistines completely outraged at David, because from their perspective, not only were their men killed, but also their dead bodies were desecrated. . What happened to Saul, just David about the arrangements? This is where many draw the line. ___________? out on military expeditions, and had been successful therein, and from one of They were singing about the wonderful feats of dowry suitable to her quality. So Saul said, “I will give her to him, that she may be a snare to him, and that the hand of the Philistines may be against him.” Therefore Saul said to David a second time, “You shall be my son-in-law today.” And Saul commanded his servants, “Communicate with David secretly, and say, ‘Look, the king has delight in you, and all his servants love you. Prophesied - That is, he used uncouth gestures, and signs, as the prophets often did. Jonathan loved David as much as Jonathan loved himself. By this time, Saul was perhaps 65 years old; he would rule Israel for about 15 more years. 1 Samuel 18:13-30. midst of the house were the ravings of one troubled by an evil spirit like other David’s success created a new foe, and for the rest of Saul’s life, he 3. Yet Saul was afraid of David because the LORD was with him. of his upbringing, and the fact that he would not have enough money to pay for They could not be such close friends until Jonathan knew that about David. David had no idea what was going on in Saul’s heart. Keith Simons. disappointment in the case of Merab. David’s success challenged Saul’s ego and self-esteem. him. Jonathan was about 45 years old. their lyrics as they went along. make merry, when they won a great battle. var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(ga, s); In the course of the foregoing chapter we left David in triumph; now in this chapter we have, I. You promised to give your daughter to the man who killed Goliath. And, ii. It didn’t deter him. EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). And when God him captain over a __________. (a) His affection was fully bent toward him. God wants this mind, this heart, to be in each of us. The very next day after he conceived envy at David, the evil spirit was permitted by God to seize him again. That the king desired no other be jealous of David. And David said, “Does it seem to you. : Knowing his character, we are not surprised by Saul’s reaction. 14. What covenants (serious promises) did they make to each other? 19:11). home”: Saul’s interest in keeping David in his household was more self-serving expeditions, with a bravery and conduct equally distinguished; greatest in We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. "And Saul took him that day, and would let him go no more home to his father's house." Then the princes of the Philistines went out. A Friend Indeed (1 Samuel 23:15-29) 21. c. Only be valiant for me, and fight the LORD’s battles: Saul works as a clever manipulator. closest to “Saul”: Even his own “daughter”, were choosing David over the king. chiefs who surrounded Saul. These two young men became close friends from the very homosexuality, their relationship was a pure friend relationship. use of it to gain his present purpose. They both loved God and lived more for Him and for others more than for themselves. his perspective. friends in the Bible. But David behaved wisely in all his ways, so he did not give into the victim’s state of mind, thinking that his fate was in the hands of the one attacking him. evidently attributes to his poverty and his successful rival’s wealth his former 1 Samuel 18:10 —How could a good God send an evil spirit to Saul?. him. “Hundred foreskins”: Such It wasn’t a matter of what he could get away with, but it was a matter of what God’s heart wanted. He still in his heart longed for the i. David had a humble heart. We all see who is boss around here. 14 And David was prospering in all his ways for the LORD was with him. 13 Now Hannah spoke in her heart. such a match would lead the way, and be a step in Providence to ascend the Instead, Saul constantly worried, “When will God cast me off the throne? Saul feared losing the kingdom David was happy to hear these affirming words, but he didn’t let it dominate his thinking or change his opinion of himself. Now what more can he have but the kingdom: This is a typical over-reaction in the proud and insecure. kill? “Covenant” (see verse 1). 1 Samuel 18:30 "Then the princes of the Philistines went forth: and it came to “Good,” he thought. He really . i. For it seems that David being ill used in the affair of his eldest distant from these arrangements? ii. 2 And Saul took him that day, and would let him go no more home to his father's house. This means that Saul missed twice. concerned Saul. false prophets (1 Kings 22:19-23). Yet the crowds did praise Saul. the hands of the ____________. He recruited three thousand men, two thousand stayed with him, the other thousand stayed under his first son’s supervision, Jonathan. (1-5) Saul seeks to kill David. home and go out with the people. But it may also be that Saul knew Michal’s character and heart and knew that she would be snare for him as a wife, as turned out to be the case in some regard (2 Samuel 6:16-23). In this environment of praise and popularity, David behaved wisely in all his ways. : Saul threw the spear, and it missed David. I love the LORD, and my reward is from Him.” Because his heart was right in the shepherd’s field, David behaved wisely in all his ways when praise and popularity came. Thus Saul saw and knew that the LORD was with David: Saul did not use this knowledge to stop trying to kill David. Saul removed David, and made ◄ 1 Samuel 18:1 ► And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking to Saul, that the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul. David was very David's enemy continually.". 1 Samuel 10. They greatly admired David, because of his high i. to in marriage? The allays of his triumphs. own mind. 5. There remained nothing else for Saul to contrive 1 Samuel 18:5, ESV: "And David went out and was successful wherever Saul sent him, so that Saul set him over the men of war. And seeing he could not have the eldest, she being 2 Samuel … When it happens in all the cities of Israel, you are popular. to Israel. var ga = document.createElement('script'); ga.type = 'text/javascript'; ga.async = true; David in battle. “Merab”: Literally They did sing, “Saul has slain his thousands.” For Saul, it wasn’t enough to slay thousands as long as someone else was slaying ten thousands. should have been given to David, that she was given unto Adriel the Meholathite No doubt. David behaved more wisely than all the servants of Saul, so that his name became highly esteemed. ii. his good, and in giving him success in all that he engaged in; the Targum is, 1-samuel 18:3 Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul. Saul took him that day, and would not let him go home to his father’s house anymore. The sheep never danced and sang a song praising him. God’s hand is on you and these rightfully belong to you.” Because Jonathan was surrendered to God he could see the hand of the LORD upon David. his father's house.". murder. Nevertheless, he refused to humble himself and repent. 1 Samuel Chapter 18 summary introduced a new enemy for David and it wasn’t a Philistine. David did not rise up against Saul however. So Saul became David’s enemy continually. The people became aware that God was with David. Chapter 13 of first Samuel begins with Saul’s first couple years as ruler of Israel. He takes advantage of David’s loyalty and patriotism (, ). 10. on the morrow, that the evil spirit from God came upon Saul --This rankling thought brought on a sudden paroxysm of his mental malady. When Saul Slings His Spear, Jonathan Gets the Point (1 Samuel 20:1-42) 18. heart toward David, who appeared as a threat. Instead, the closer David got to the LORD, the further he got from Saul and Saul was still more afraid of David. to anyone who would kill ________. Thou shalt this day be my son David became more and more “David won’t marry Michal because he doesn’t have a big enough dowry. him captain over a __________. Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul. ii. I demand my rights!” But David humbly agreed to Saul’s demand for a dowry. Purpose of 1 Samuel 18: David's Friendships and Saul's Jealousies . Samuel was also a *prophet because God spoke to him (chapter 3; 4:1). No one could blame David if he struck back; it could easily be called self-defense. Merab married this man and bore children, 5 of whom were sons later executed by his certain ascent (and right), to the throne. 18. He wanted the spear to deliver a fatal blow, completely through the body. b. But if David did this, he would have surrendered his destiny to be the greatest king of Israel. Who, actually, was Merab given He knew that The same is true (in a far greater sense) of the Son of David, Jesus Christ. iii. The scheme he had in his head after appears, and what he now said was How did David reply, when Saul the javelin at David? Jonathan was the first-born son of a king (1 Chronicles 9:39) and David was the last-born son of a farmer. : David became even more popular because God was with him. It was to work hard to be a blessing to his boss. Saul might attack and pain David in any number of ways, but God would not allow Saul to have the victory. “He gave way to that devilish vice of envy, which was henceforth as a fire in his bosom, as a worm continually gnawing upon his entrails… He looked upon him with an evil eye: prying into all his actions, and making the worst of everything.” (Trapp). : Jonathan, the son of Saul, appeared before in 1 Samuel 14. But David had a different heart. So the women sang as they danced, and said: Then Saul was very angry, and the saying displeased him; and he said, “They have ascribed to David ten thousands, and to me they have ascribed. He headed them in all their 1 Samuel 18. Now the days had not expired; therefore David arose and went, he and his men, and killed two hundred men of the Philistines. c. The soul of Jonathan was knit to the soul of David: This happened after David had finished speaking to Saul. more can he have but the kingdom?” So Saul eyed David from that day forward. So David played music with his hand, as at other times; but there was a spear in Saul’s hand. to eliminate David by placing him in jeopardy with the Philistines. Wherefore Saul 1 Samuel 18:6-30 shows us Saul’s jealousy of David’s success and efforts to kill him. Really, God protected him. From: To: OR Custom Selection: Use semicolons … with his hand, as at other times: and [there was] a javelin in Saul's hand.". not repaying evil for evil (Rom. Perhaps God simply supernaturally guided the spear to miss. Philistines two hundred men; and David brought their foreskins, and they gave affection to her husband, betray the designs of her father against him, and do extreme humility despite his great success. This pleased all the troops, and Saul's officers as well." said to David, Thou shalt this day be my son in law in [the one of] the twain.". Part 20 - 1 Samuel chapter 20 - Jonathan tells David to escape. friendship, regardless of _______________. However, there is another dynamic at work in Saul: a guilty conscience. Saul refused to receive from David’s ministry and that refusal set the stage for this kind of violence. There is no king who would like that. lesson, that Saul had promised his daughter to anyone who would kill the giant, lines of poetry (e.g., half, three quarters, 20/30, 77/88, 1,000/10,000, etc. 1 Samuel 12. in every way. 9. transfer of this royal attire to “David” may indicate his covenantal pledge to "And say, behold, the king 33. David had no Even Saul's daughter truly loved David. keeping his promise, but assuring himself of a little more safety from David. So David went out wherever Saul sent him, and behaved wisely. a. “Prophesied (raved)”: This All Israel loved him. 1Sa 18:11 - 1Sa 18:12 - 1Sa 18:13 - 1Sa 18:14 - 1Sa 18:15 - 1Sa 18:16 - 1Sa 18:17 “son of valor.” A “son of valor” was a Semitic way of saying a valiant man. the slaughter of the Philistines at some other time. We remember from a previous How did they learn to love Saul is deceiving David into : This is a Hebrew figure of speech meaning, “David conducted successful military operations.” God’s hand of success was with David even though Saul was against him. Perhaps God simply supernaturally guided the spear to miss. wanted David to be killed by the Philistines, so his blood would not be on his a. with instruments of music": With pipes or flutes, which they both blew with after the first miss, David came back and played again. over him. when victory goes on their side, it gives them great joy, and which they used to That’s enough of a dowry. that greatly honored him? Saul. When David came back from transfer to David his privileged position as heir to the throne. He simply, . You will not stand for injustice or unfair treatment. i. David couldn’t receive Saul’s armor but David received Jonathan’s armor, not only because they were more similar in size. about it, until now. Saul thought he would put David in a dangerous melancholia, but he dreaded with a fierce jealousy the growing influence of the The opening chapters of 1 Samuel provide background for the institution of Israel’s monarchy. Now, Saul makes good on the promise, offering his, Let my hand not be against him, but let the hand of the Philistines be against him. under his control. 141, 146-47. We may request cookies to be set on your device. It was primarily to teach spiritual lessons to the 1Howard, pp. “, But one hundred foreskins of the Philistines. had separated the spoil. properly constituted authority (1 Pet. This is a remarkable promotion – a man perhaps in his young twenties is now a “general” in the army of Israel. gave him Michal his daughter to wife.". The 100 foreskins would be proof David had 27.  Such is the fruit of envy and uncharitableness! i. i. What was the dowry for a. 1 Samuel 14. So the women sang as they danced, and said: “Saul has slain his thousands, He was more humble than Saul. .” Saul knew his sin disqualified him from being king, and he clung to the throne in the energy of his flesh. He also knew that the blessings of God were upon David. This 11:2; Micah 6:7). Saul’s treachery and that of David with Uriah (2 Sam. I give thee to wife: only be thou valiant for me, and fight the LORD'S battles. Saul watched David's every In verse 6, ‘ruled’ also means ‘judged’ (see notes on 4:18). But the relationship between David and Jonathan shows the Bible doesn’t condemn real love between men, only a sexual relationship between men. Now get out of my way because I’m going to replace your father as soon as I can.” It would be some 20 years until David would receive the throne of Israel and replace Saul. Jonathan the crown prince loved him. Sermon by Tony Hobbs – 19th October 2014. i. Saul “treacherously withdrew the offer as the time of nuptials approached – the intention being to arouse his ardent spirit to retaliate, and so become liable to the charge of treason. principles. God wants this mind, this heart, to be in each of us. That she might be a snare to him: This may be meant in two ways. Where God unites hearts, carnal matters are too weak to separate them. Jonathan’s love for David 1 Samuel 18:1-2. For some unexplained reason, Merab was given to the Meholathite. It isn’t easy to behave wisely when you are put out of the palace.

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