When the ewe is vaccinated 4 weeks pre-lambing the maternal antibodies (colostrum) is produced in the udder. The Responsible Use of Medicines in Agriculture Alliance (RUMA) is a growing coalition of organisations representing every stage of the “farm to fork” process. Vaccines have, from the 1930s, made a major contribution to improving sheep health, welfare and productivity. Implementing a vaccination programme. Either side of the neck is most common. It is as well to remember that the orf vaccine only claims to be an aid in the control of the disease. These give advice on all aspects from the initial risk assessment to best practice for their use. If history not known, give a priming dose then a booster 4–6 weeks later. As part of this work RUMA has established practical strategies to promote the correct use of vaccines in the sheep industry. The prescribing veterinary surgeon or adviser must be made aware of all other vaccine programmes and medications used in the flock so that adverse reactions can be avoided. A veterinarian is on call for emergencies out of the above hours. Implement herd vaccination program if new stock have previously been vaccinated. Responsible Use of Vaccines and Vaccination in Sheep Production. This is accomplished by decreasing the incidence and severity of disease through increased level of immunity as part of a preventive health program. Sheep keepers have a duty and responsibility to safeguard the health and welfare of animals on their farm. The vaccine does not eliminate caseous lymphadenitis from a herd or flock but will decrease the incidence of disease and reduce its severity. a) Campylobacter fetus subsp. Leptospirosis vaccine is usually given with clostridial vaccines. The virus, which emerged in the Netherlands and Germany in 2011, can lead to sheep … //