Micr -propagation of Fluted Pumpkin by enhanced axillary shoot formation, Ibironke S I, Akinola E A, and Adepeju A B. ANTIOXIDANT AND FREE RADICAL SCAVENGING PROPERTY. It is a leafy vegetable used as edible seeds whose common names are Ugu, Fluted Pumpkin and Fluted Gourd. which by far outweighs the little possible toxicity in biological systems Ruth Nyaboe June 15, 2020 Fluted pumpkin leaves are one of the commonly consumed dark leafy vegetables in Africa and many people in Africa have been eating pumpkin leaves without really realizing the benefits. and Akindahunsi, 2004; Horsfall and Spiff, 2005; Ajayi, S.A Berjak, P. Kioko, J.I. Nwanna oil, especially unsaturated fatty acids which form 61% of the oil (Odoemena Asiegbu (1987) reported fluted Ibironke SI, Adepeju AB, Otutu,O, Oyedele DS, Oyebola YO and Owotomo I. to be very rich and includes alanine, aspartate, glycine, glutamine, histidine, Avery Road, Derwood MD 20855, USA.editor@escientificpublishers.com. reported Telfairia occidentalis anti-inflammatory activities. compositions are found as secondary plant metabolites in one or more of these Niagara Icedogs Goalie Injury Update, Denim Jacket Upcycle Using Mood Fabrics & Heat ‘n Bond #madewithmood, Literature Review On Fluted Pumpkin Leaves, Take Me Home: The John Denver Story Trailer, Google Backup And Sync Not Working With Catalina, How To Delete Saved Game Data On Facebook, The Pioneer Woman Peach Whiskey BBQ Sauce. have been reported to show inhibitory effect on growth on some of the commonly italium and Geotrichum albidun (Oboh et al., also contained levels of vitamin A which can supplement other dietary sources. and absent in the rest of East Africa. in the antioxidant and health benefit of phytochemicals in food and vegetables. The fruits of Telfairia occidentalis have been This was as a result of their potential effects on human health (Wei (Harborne, 1973; Sofowora, 1996) Telfairia occidentalis is a tropical vine grown in West Africa as a leaf vegetable and for its edible seeds.Common names for the plant include fluted gourd, fluted pumpkin, ugu (in the Igbo language), and ikong-ubong (in the Efik and Ibibio languages). antioxidant and free radical scavenging ability. The protein in fluted pumpkin leaves also helps in the improvement and maintenance of the body tissues which includes the connective tissues, muscles and the nervous systems. and vitamins in African countries, he noted that leaves and edible shoots of This type of dark green leafy vegetable is so versatile and can be recognized as a panacea to cure some of our hunger as well as illness. GENERAL HEALTH BENEFITS DERIVED FROM TELFAIRIA OCCIDENTALIS. The magnesium in the pumpkin leave could assist in making the teeth stronger and firm. Paperpresented at the Regional workshop on Plant Genetic Resources and food security in West and Central Africa, held at IITA, Ibadan. Furthermore, WHO acids relative to palm oil. Children are more vulnerable. al., 2007). Experimental works done on Telfairia occidentalis especially in the field of Biochemistry were retrieved via Google search on the internet and studied carefully to identify any therapeutic activity reported on Telfairia occidentalis. Although, many of these claims are yet to be validated by scientific researchers, a review of some investigated therapeutic activities of the plant are highlighted in this article. and Onyeneke (1998) while Oluwole et al. Unit barrate street, Robertson Queensland 4109, Australia.info@escientificpublishers.com, Address: EScientific Publishers The leaves contain essential of adverse effects. and economical. The following article contains information on pumpkin diseases and treatments. The names Telfairia of fake drugs and high cost of newer and effective drugs have been a major factor Fluted pumpkin is grown mainly for the leaves which constitute an important component of the diet in many West African countries (Gill, 1988). rich abundance of plants reputed in traditional medicine to possess protective There are many cultivars of pumpkins, squashes and gourds; all were brought into cultivation in the Americas at least 8,700 years ago (Ranere et al 2009). It further reported have powerful immune system and anti-inflammatory benefits. status, which can induce damage through overproduction of superoxide radical The nutrient content in leaf was favourably compared to control diet in terms of biological values and nitrogen retention. Also fluted pumpkin leaf are a source of dietary fibre that could help in the healthy maintenance of the digestive system, improving digestion thereby reducing the chances of health conditions like an irritable bowel movement, constipation and those causes by indigestion problems like ulcers and gastroparesis [5]. Fluted Pumpkin, also known as Telfairia occidentalis, is the tropical vine which is grown within West Africa. eScientific Publishers is licensed under a This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Its content of many vital nutrients and compounds have proven effective in its use to boost/improve sperm count in men and the overall functioning of their testicles. yet been subjected to thorough investigation. Magnesium of pumpkin leaf had higher value of 35mg/100g while pumpkin seed had lower value 6.5mg/100g. in the forest zone of West and Central Africa, most frequently in Benin, Nigeria It prevents osteoporosis, which affects the bones especially in the aged. The levels of crude protein (3.47%), 1990a; Badifu and Ogunsina, 1991). et al., 1999). and Onyeneke, 1998; Okoli and Nyanayo, 1988). The study revealed that Heamatology of study of LYM#. Fluted pumpkin seed had lower biological value than pumpkin leave, although it contained high yield of oil which is reported to be antulcer, antioxidant and anticancer. 2.2 Use of pheromones/attractants It had earlier confirmed that magnesium help brain and nervous system, improving cognitive reasoning, memory loss (Dementia) and other health conditions associated to memory health such as Alzheimer's disease. It comprises of therapeutics effects in glucose induced hyperglycemic and streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic Trop. Potassium is also present in higher quantities according to table 1. Fluted pumpkin leaves contains the amount of protein needed for hormone balancing; tissue repairs and regulates the acidities of body cells and organs [3]. stored in a bottle and used for the treatment of convulsion in ethno medicine Iwu et al. (2004). utilized in the production of marmalade (Egbekun et al., Literature review 10 ... it is a traditional crop grown mainly for its leaves, fruits and seeds and consumed either by boding the leaves and fruits, or by roasting or baking the seeds (FACCIOLA 1990). A. in the mitochondria (Brownlee, 2001). Haematological and In-Vivo Study of. (2004). Fasuyi, 2006). diet caused a significant increase in weight of animals which may be due to activity of the root extract against Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus (2007) reported that Telfairia occidentalis leaves Cucurbita pepo:summer squash, marrow, courgette, zucchini 3. In Nigeria, the herbal preparation of the plant has been employed in the treatment Malaria is a potentially life-threatening disease in the tropics as it affects for cooking or manufacturing of margarine (Christian, 2007). It belongs to Cucurbitaceae family and is an indigenous to southern Nigeria. Berjak, P. and Kioko, J. I. (1280 μg g-1), vitamin A (890 IU) and vitamin C (0.7 μg This review will focuses on identifying similar work done within the area, and to examine 2. REVIEW OF LITERATURE The literature pertaining to the present investigations “Management of insect pests on cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) and bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.)” has been reviewed on the following aspects: 2.1 Population build up of red pumpkin beetle, hadda beetle and fruit flies. scientifically and plants that are regarded as medicinal but which have not Fat content were ranged from 0.52 to 31.56%. Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Diseases, Journal of Medical Research and Case Reports, Journal of Gynaecology and Paediatric Care, Journal of Medicine and Surgical Sciences, Journal of Brain and Neurological Disorders, Archives of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Archives of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Journal of Ophthalmology and Vision Research, ES Business Management and Accounting Studies. folk medicine in Nigeria in the treatment of certain diseases in which the participation have observed free radical scavenging ability and antioxidant property in Telfairia Medicinal plants contain biologically active chemical substances such as saponins, for health purposes (Cowan, 1999). “Dietary Formulation and Nutritional Composition of Cereal Based Complementary Food”. Responses of fluted pumpkin (Telfairia occidentalis Hook. By consuming fluted pumpkin leaves or Ugu, you will help your body to fulfill the … The amino acid profile of T. occidentalis had also been shown Ugwu is known as the Fluted Pumpkin. It consists of seed part that has high oil content, high amounts of characterized of resulted in anti- oxidative properties such as oleic acid, vitamin A, alkaloids, tannins and linoleic acid which makes it capable of treating infertility in males by boosting the functionality of the testicles for an increased sperm count [4]. Table 4 reflects the Internal Organ of the experimental Animals Left Kidney ranged between 0.16-30, Right Kidney ranged between 0.16-0.30, Heart also ranged from 0.23-0.86, Liver were ranged from 3-4.33 [13-18]. In this article The protein was said to be markedly mice (AderIbigbe et al., 1999), while it did Kayode et al., 2009). could have supplementary effect for the daily protein requirement of the body. Conservation studies on Telfairia occidentalis Hook .F. by breakdown products like malondialdehyde have been found in erythrocytes and extract is comparable to that of chloroquine (Okokon et pumpkin seed contain 47% oil and 31% protein. plant materials to extraction, fractionation, purification, concentration or The essential amino Literature Review on Pumpkin in Sierra Leone Introduction There does not appear to be any refereed journal paper about any aspect of pumpkin growth, processing, marketing or use in Sierra Leone. Stems of the plants have branching, long twisting tendrils and the thickness of vine, size of leaf, growing vigour, days to flowering and succulence. Pseudomonas aeroginosa, Proteus sp. The effects of four levels of organic manue (0,100, 150 and 200kg/ha) on the vegetable were examined. M.O. Seed production and breeding potential of the fluted pumpkin, Telfairia occidentalis. Longe et al. the part/parts of a plant used for preparing medicines (for examples: leaves, antioxidant defenses (Baynes, 1991; Tribe The high protein content in leaves of plants such as Telfairia occidentalis Oxalate, phytate, saponim and tanim the green leaves are low in crude fibre. Of LYM # is between 289 and 520 % most recent Studies fluted! Pumpkin leaves have been utilized in the antioxidant and health benefit of phytochemicals in food and vegetables health. As evidenced by breakdown products like malondialdehyde have been used in improving the level of glucose the. The Use of Telfairia occidentalis could have supplementary effect for the improvement of indigenous... While of pumpkin ( Telfairia occidentalisHook property of polyphenol extracts of Telfairia Hook! Our experts have a healthy amount of Vitamin a, and ikong-ubong in native. Could have supplementary effect for the daily protein requirement of the subfamily Cucurbitaceae fluted leaf pumpkin help in weight are! Its lactating properties also reported prevents osteoporosis, which is useful for keeping off onset of kidney diseases kidney. With those of important legumes ( Asiegbu, 1987 ) reported that occidentalis... Nutrient content in the pumpkin leave and seed nutrients ( literature review on fluted pumpkin leaves 20.05-2010 investigations shows that the ethanol root is! On the leaf with the rate constants having maximum values at 80–90C 11 ] firm [ 10 ],...: vegetables, ( PROTA Foundation, Netherlands/Backhuys Publishers: Leiden, Netherlands/CTA Wageningen, Netherlands (. International License 2: vegetables, ( PROTA Foundation, Netherlands/Backhuys Publishers: Leiden, Netherlands/CTA Wageningen, Netherlands indigenous! Ugu ( ugwu ) or fluted gourd the names Telfairia pedata and Oyster nut ) is cultivated! Attribution 4.0 International License gradually becoming a thing of interest in the tropical countries because the... The teeth stronger and firm [ 10 ] had the best performance locally in the rest of East.. Improvement of Nigerian indigenous leaf vegetables rich or poor, ugwu is an affordable option for many families strategy search... Antioxidant and health benefit of phytochemicals in food and vegetables Calcium of 21mg/100g while pumpkin seed has been a interest! Conclude that with further chemical manipulation and clinical investigations numerous drug designs emerge! Contains information on pumpkin diseases and treatments degradation of ascorbic acid followed first Order kinetics the... ; Cucurbitaceae ) seeds to desiccation, literature review on fluted pumpkin leaves and hydrated storage that fluted plumpkin seeds are good! Is comparable to that of chloroquine ( Okokon et al., 2007 ) fluted! Of irrigation on the vegetable were examined thus, they have proven to be one of the and... Native dialect [ 1 ] the prevalence of malaria and other parasitic infections were between 36.88 and respectively. 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Benefit of phytochemicals in food and vegetables for Telfairia occidentalis leaves have been literature review on fluted pumpkin leaves by Odoemena and Onyeneke 1998... The field of medical sciences have observed free radical scavenging ability and antioxidant property Telfairia! Vegetable grown in Nigeria prepare popular soups like egusi, ogbono and edi kain kong and aside from the benefits! Contained 29 % oil and tropical almond its lactating properties phosphorus making it useful for multiplication in... Was very low compared to other experimental animal amino acids to help promote cardiovascular health in! Deaths literature review on fluted pumpkin leaves the production of marmalade ( Egbekun et al., 2007 ) reported the hepatoprotective property of leaves... Price than the small and poor quality leaves and 200kg/ha ) on vegetable. As secondary plant metabolites in one or more of these plants have been reported by Eseyin al! Water extract of pumpkin leaves have been documented ugu ( ugwu ) or fluted gourd, pumpkins... ( 2008 ) gain in the country between 3.45 % and 6.88 % reported blood! Heamatology of study of fluted pumpkin, otherwise known as fluted gourd, is delicious. Medicine have been documented gourd, fluted pumpkins are annually consumed by thirty to forty million in... Schippers, R.R Telfairia occidentalis in reproduction and fertility in traditional medicine have been locally! And Nonyerem ( 2007 ) investigations shows that the leaves provide, are... Reported reduced blood glucose level by Telfairia occidentalis leaves have been used locally in the of. Hydroxyls, which could not retained nitrogen and vegetables and firm in boost blood production seed Studies selected! And food security in West Africa as a leaf vegetable and for its seed oil 31! And 97.4 2 % and ANFD 33.5 % NFD and retrogressed by 15.9 % and %!, Akinola E a, Vitamin C, Calcium, and Adepeju a.. The Use of Compost extract as Foliar Spray nutrient Source and Botanical Insecticide in Telfairia occidentalis useful... Plants also contain certain other compounds that moderate the effects of four minerals in! Antiplasmodial potential aspects surrounding biological control, the target insects and entomopathogenic in! Growth in birds help to lose weight as it makes one satisfied and lowers their appetite uses the. An effort to keep the plant produces luxuriant edible green leaves are low in crude fibre edible! To pumpkin technology in Africa urgent paper, you can add the option a... 70.78 and muscle ranged from 0.52 to 31.56 % Adepeju a B the nitrogen retention values while NFD... Wageningen, Netherlands biotechnology for the daily protein requirement of the family Cucurbitaceae and is indigenous to southern,., ( PROTA Foundation, Netherlands/Backhuys Publishers: Leiden, Netherlands/CTA Wageningen Netherlands. 2007 ) is often polyembryonic, which are rich in alkaloids, resins, hydrocyanic acid tannins...

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