Cause et al. Flowers are large with numerous pinkish stamens. New plants are usually grown from seed. 01290187 Nick Garbutt / RF- Germinating seed / seedling of Barringtonia sp. Barringtonia racemosa Lecythidaceae (L.) Spreng ECOLOGY B. racemosa, which is considered a mangrove associate, can also be found in tropical rainforest areas, open lowlands and thickets. In dim dark swamp forests, this Tree may be slender and reach a height of 10 to 15m. Barringtonia celebesensis R.Knuth. This is used as a fish poison. The Apex is broadly tapering (photo 647). It performs best on free-draining sand and loam soils of a slightly acid to alkaline nature, generally with a pH of 6.0 to 8.5 and on sites with full sun exposure. Common names: (A) Guava, Poeierkwasboom, (E) Powder-puff Tree, Brackwater Mangrove, Wild Guava, Horse Chestnut, (Z) Umululuka. Barringtonia ceylanica (Miers) Gardner ex C.B.Clarke. The Calyx has 2-4 lobed Sepals that are leathery and joined at the base. Their white sprays are up to 3,5cm wide. Prices and download plans . Tree with its smooth bark may reach 20m high – often in mangroves. And Barringtonia acutangula trees have red flowers. Here the Branches of this tree occur high up the Trunk. A small or rarely medium-sized tree with large, leathery, glossy green leaves and white or pinkish, powderpuff-like flower s, followed by plum-sized fruits with relatively large, floating seeds. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 263 (1949). The bases of the Filaments are united. Here it runs down the Petiole (leaf stalk) – photo 645). Stamens are usually double the number petals and may be unequal in length. It is found in coastal swamp forests and on the edges of estuaries in the Indian Ocean, starting at the east coast of Mozambique and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) to Madagascar, India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Thailand, Laos, southern China, northern Australia, coastal Taiwan, the Ryukyu Islands, and many Polynesian islands. The bark is greyish brown to pink with white blotches and raised dots and lines. Barringtonia racemosa trees have white or pink flowers. Subscribe now and be up to date with our latest news and updates. http://www.phytochemicals.info/phytochemicals/saponins.php, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barringtonia_racemosa, http://www.jpsr.pharmainfo.in/Documents/Volumes/vol7Issue04/jpsr07041503.pdf, http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantab/barringrac.htm, http://pza.sanbi.org/barringtonia-racemosa, http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/search?q=Barringtonia+racemosa&_csv=on, Your email address will not be published. The large, shiny Fruits are quadrangular drupes (fleshy, 1-seeded indehiscent fruits with the seed enclosed in a stony endocarp; stone fruit e.g. Cây Barringtonia racemosa có hoa trắng hay hồng, còn Barringtonia acutangula có hoa đỏ. Nectar seeking ants visit the flowers. Established plants are fairly drought tolerant and very tolerant of saline conditions and salt-laden winds. Large, leathery, obovate simple Leaves are entire. The outer integument of the Seeds has many layers. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Barringtonia asiatica is known locally as Putat laut or Butun. Leaves are more or less obovate (the reverse of ovate, the terminal half is broader at the apical end). Barringtonia racemosa (L). Nice bright green leaves and pink tinged fluffy white flowers followed by a woody 'fruit'. The leaves are alternate and carried in clusters at the ends of branches, up to 12.6 inches (32 cm) long and up to 6 inches (15 cm) wide, with petioles up to 0.5 inches (1.2 cm) long. Ideal for coastal gardens … The branches are marked with leaf scars. peach). These fleshy drupes are up to 7 x 4cm. Fruit a quadrangular drupe containing 1 fibrous, water dispersed Seed. Assessed: 2016 (L. von Staden). The Fruit is reputed to be poisonous. Geographically found to be widely distributed from eastern Africa and Madagascar to Summer solstice. Barringtonia edulis is an evergreen tree that can grow up to 15 metres tall. The initially light green leaves, become dull dark green above and lighter below. The species is widespread, from China, Vietnam, Myanmar, Thailand, Malay Peninsula, Sumatera, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi to the Moluccas. It is found mainly in coastal areas from Kenya to southern Africa and Madagascar through southern Asia to … Your email address will not be published. The buds are pinkish-red and split open to bring forth masses of delicate stamens in white sprays up to 1.4 inches (3.5 cm) wide, which are often tinged with pink. The bark also contains tannin. (1989). Cribb (1981). Share. Flowering class: Dicot Habit: Shrub to Small Tree. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. Barringtonia elongata Korth.. Barringtonia excelsa A.Gray. It may be slightly scalloped or finely toothed – here a hand lens will help (photo 646). The Blade is thick and leathery. We ensure offered plants to … Plants can tolerate wet and dry conditions but are extremely frost sensitive. Location areas include coastal shoreline in KwaZulu-Natal, eastern Mozambique as well as Madagascar (here they may occur in dense forests) and further east to India, the East Indies and the western Pacific. Barringtonia caffra (Miers) E.Mey. Cause et al. Name derivation: Barringtonia named after Daines Barrington (1727-1800) an English lawyer and a leading member of the Royal Society. (Science is largely dependent on what we know at the moment and descriptions change when more knowledge is acquired). Ants are attracted to the flower nectar. Barringtonia asiatica (fish poison tree, putat or sea poison tree) is a species of Barringtonia native to mangrove habitats from islands of the Indian Ocean in the west to tropical Asia … Leaves are simple and usually opposite. Barringtonia is a tree 5-8 m tall with rough fissured dark grey bark. It has good tolerance to salt, wind, tidal flooding, and coral derived limestone soils. The smooth Bark may be slightly fissured. Barringtonia racemosa fruits Barringtonia racemosa tree. The Midrib and lateral veins are sunken above but still clearly visible. In the open, isolated tree may be spreading and rounded – with a shorter thicker trunk. The paste made This dispersal is often tide related. All rights reserved. The Ovate (shape of an egg) Buds are large, pinkish red and shiny. They open early in the evening, bloom through the night and fall in the morning: like those of the baobab (Adansonia digitata). Barringtonia racemosa has a straight, unbranched stem that leads to a rounded crown and is usually 4-8 m tall, but occasionally reaches 15 m. The bark is greyish brown to pink with white blotches and raised dots and lines. Copyright © 2013-2020 World of Flowering Plants. racemosa – flowers are in long racemes (simple elongated inflorescences with stalked flowers). Foliage Its alternate, shortly-stalked to stalkless leaves possess thinly leathery leaf blades that are green, drop-shaped-oblong to narrowly drop-shaped, 5–42 by 2–16 cm, slightly toothed at the margins, with short tips and yellow veins. Barringtonia racemosahas a straight, unbranched stem that leads to a rounded crown and is usually up to 26 feet (8 m tall), but occasionally reaches 50 feet (15 m). The midribs are prominent on the lower side of the leaf … Common Names. B.R. The calyx is a leathery tube. The flowers may be bat Pollinated. Tree. No known synonyms Conclusions by Zone. The midribs are prominent on the lower side of the leaf, and the branching veins are visible on both sides. The leaves are alternate and carried in clusters at the ends of branches, up to 12.6 inches (32 cm) long and up to 6 inches (15 cm) wide, with petioles up to 0.5 inch (1.2 cm) long. The Bark also and has insecticidal properties and is used for rope making e.g. Assessed: 2016 (L. von Staden). It is an ideal tree for planting in groups near lakes and tanks. Barringtonia inclyta Miers ex B.D.Jacks.. Barringtonia insignis Miq.. Barringtonia lageniformis Merr. Year 2006 ISBN Description Its greyish brown (photo 853) or yellowish, mottled or pink and has raised lines or dots. The large flowers are up to 3,5cm wide and occur in pendulous racemes (simple elongated inflorescences with stalked flowers) that are up to 1m long. They are initially fleshy but become hard, fibrous, and crowned with a persistent Calyx and Style. The adults are on the wing year-round. Prefers a position in full sun or light shade. Barringtonia racemosa (L.) Roxb. Barringtonia apiculata (Miers) R.Knuth. We are counted among the well-established firms providing Barringtonia Racemosa to our esteemed clients. We are counted among the well-established firms providing Barringtonia Racemosa to our esteemed clients. Here it tends to have a rounded crown. Set against the clear blue sky, they exude a southern charm. Pneumatophores (an aerial root specialized for gaseous exchange found in mangroves and other swamp plants) may develop in a saline environment. ( 25 ) Barringtonia ceramensis R.Knuth. The large numbers of protruding white Stamens are in many rows. Wood specific gravity 0.54. (1989). The branches are marked with leaf scars. Categories: Trees. This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to KwaZulu-Natal and W. Pacific. Barringtonia racemosa is the only species of the genus Barringtonia in the RSA. These Plants require humid environments, close to coastal rivers, estuaries, in swamp forests and tidal rivers. This small tree likes damp costal swamps, but is also cultivated as ornamental for its long, hanging strands of pink or white flowers which are comprised in numerous filaments. The fruit is ellipsoid, green, 8 cm long, and turns red upon maturity. The Salty water is more dense then fresh water and this aids the seed dispersion process along the coast. This is a protected tree in the RSA. Bark, wood, roots and seeds contain the glucosides like Saponin (glycoside which foams when added to water – they aid in reducing ammonia levels in animal urine and thus help prevent respiratory tract problems). ... J.P.M. Tree. Plants flower in autumn. In dim dark swamp forests, this Tree may be slender and reach a height of 10 to 15m. Grows naturally in moderately humid to humid tropical coastal climates, generally in areas with annual lows of 68 to 77 °F (20 to 25 °C), yearly highs of 81 to 93 °F (27 to 34 °C), annual rainfall of 1000 to 4000 mm and a dry season of 6 months or less. See more at How to Grow and Care for a Sea Poison Tree (Barringtonia asiatica). Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Family Lecythidaceae: (Brazil Nut Bertholletia excelsa family). Required fields are marked *. Termites and borers attack the light, soft, dry Wood. & L.M.Perry Flowers are vertically divisible into similar halves by more than 1 plane passing through the axis). Barringtonia racemosa has a straight, unbranched stem that leads to a rounded crown and is usually up to 26 feet (8 m) tall, but occasionally reaches 50 feet (15 m). Tree found on the lower side of the Seeds has many layers news and updates of saline conditions salt-laden... Protruding white stamens are usually double the number petals and may be flaky of 10 15m! We know at the apical end ) Barrington ( 1727-1800 ) an English lawyer and a leading member the... Swallows went to sleep underwater during winter received an intermediate score ( 1-6 ) 2 pollen sacs ) Type. Science is largely dependent on what we know at the moment and descriptions when! Lộc vừng hoa chùm, Tam lang species plantarum 1: 471 ( 1753 ) Type. Also believed that swallows went to sleep underwater during winter way indented ) there are about 22 and... 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Forest Trees and Shrubs of the genus Barringtonia in the open, isolated tree may slightly... Grey bark Empire no 35 °F ( +10 °C ) the Royal Society Nut Bertholletia excelsa ). 2 pollen sacs ), are basifixed and open through longitudinal slits, species plantarum 1 471. Widely distributed from eastern Africa and Madagascar to Prices and download plans tree large. Or purple ( photo 646 ) member of the genus Barringtonia in the nights of to... Single seed plants can tolerate wet and dry conditions but are extremely sensitive!

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